H2O to H2: From Water To Hydrogen With Zero Emissions

In a world where sustainability has become a top priority, hydrogen is emerging as a game-changer. This versatile element holds the key to a cleaner, greener, and more sustainable future when harnessed correctly. Hydrogen, with its numerous benefits, is rapidly gaining attention as a sustainable energy source, and it's no wonder why. In this blog post, we will explore the incredible potential of hydrogen and why it should be your number one sustainability priority.

Discover why hydrogen should be Your #1 sustainability priority.

Before delving into the various aspects of hydrogen's sustainability, let's establish why it deserves the spotlight.

Hydrogen is often referred to as the "fuel of the future" for several compelling reasons:
1️⃣ Complementing Renewable Energy: Hydrogen perfectly complements renewable energy sources like wind and solar, ensuring a steady electricity supply even when renewables can't meet all demands.

2️⃣ Decarbonization Powerhouse: Hydrogen is vital to decarbonising challenging sectors like heavy industry, mobility, and power generation.

3️⃣ Green Hydrogen's Promise: The emergence of green hydrogen, produced from water through electrolysis, offers unlimited potential. It's sustainable and produces only water as a byproduct.

4️⃣ The Hydrogen Economy: We're at the dawn of the hydrogen economy. With effort and innovation, hydrogen could become the primary energy source, powering up to 80% of all electricity by the century's end.

5️⃣ Versatile Energy Carrier: Hydrogen stores energy efficiently, is a raw material for industry fuel transportation, and can even provide home heat and electricity.

6️⃣ Safety First: Addressing concerns, hydrogen is safe when stored with proper precautions and offers advantages over natural gas in terms of rapid combustion.

7️⃣ Green Transportation: Hydrogen cars are rising, offering eco-friendly and cost-effective transportation options.

8️⃣ Industrial Transformation: Hydrogen's applications in industry reduce costs, minimise waste, and promote efficiency, boosting economic benefits.

9️⃣ Collaboration for Innovation: The development of hydrogen technologies is a collaborative effort between science, business, and legislation.

Now, let's dive deeper into these reasons to understand why hydrogen deserves our attention.

1️⃣ Complementing Renewable Energy

One of the significant challenges with renewable energy sources like wind and solar is their intermittency. They produce electricity when the wind blows, or the sun shines, but not necessarily when we need it. Hydrogen acts as an energy carrier that can store excess energy produced during periods of high renewable generation and release it when demand is high or renewable sources are unavailable. This ability to balance energy supply and demand makes hydrogen essential to a sustainable energy ecosystem.

The concept is simple: excess electricity from renewable sources is used to split water into hydrogen and oxygen through electrolysis. The generated hydrogen can be stored and converted back into electricity when needed, effectively bridging the gap between supply and demand.

2️⃣ Decarbonization Powerhouse

Hydrogen's potential extends far beyond electricity generation. It is crucial in decarbonising challenging sectors such as heavy industry, mobility, and power generation.

In heavy industry, hydrogen can replace fossil fuels in processes like steel production and chemical manufacturing. By using hydrogen as a clean feedstock, we can significantly reduce carbon emissions in these sectors, which are notorious for their high greenhouse gas output.

Hydrogen fuel cells power electric vehicles in transportation, offering a zero-emission alternative to internal combustion engines. Hydrogen-powered cars are gaining popularity due to their extended range and faster refuelling than traditional electric vehicles.

Regarding power generation, hydrogen can be burned directly in gas turbines or combined with natural gas to reduce emissions. The transition to hydrogen in power plants can help lower the carbon footprint of our electricity generation.

3️⃣ Green Hydrogen's Promise

Green hydrogen, produced through electrolysis using renewable electricity, holds incredible promise. It is a clean, sustainable, and highly efficient way to produce hydrogen. The only byproduct of green hydrogen production is water vapour, making it one of the most environmentally friendly energy sources.

The availability of green hydrogen has the potential to revolutionise the energy industry. It can replace fossil fuels and offer a scalable solution to the energy storage problem, which is crucial for the continued growth of renewable energy sources.

The more we invest in green hydrogen technology, the closer we reach a carbon-neutral future. It represents a critical step in our journey towards sustainability.

4️⃣ The Hydrogen Economy

We are on the cusp of a hydrogen revolution, and the possibilities are awe-inspiring. With concerted effort and innovation, hydrogen could become the primary energy source, powering a significant portion of our world. This vision is part of what's often referred to as the "hydrogen economy."

The hydrogen economy envisions a future where hydrogen is used for various applications, from electricity generation and transportation to heating and industrial processes. It offers the potential to transform our energy landscape, reduce carbon emissions, and create new economic opportunities.

The idea is not just theoretical. Countries, industries, and researchers are actively working towards this vision.

5️⃣ Versatile Energy Carrier

Hydrogen's versatility is one of its greatest strengths. It can serve as an energy carrier, a raw material for various industrial processes, a fuel for transportation, and even a home source of heat and electricity.

Hydrogen can store excess electricity as an energy carrier, making it a crucial component of a resilient and reliable energy system. It can be transported easily, making it an ideal solution for regions with abundant renewable energy resources but lack the necessary infrastructure to transmit electricity.

In industry, hydrogen is used for various applications, from ammonia production to oil refining. We can significantly reduce carbon emissions in these sectors by substituting hydrogen from fossil fuels with green hydrogen.

Hydrogen fuel cells in transportation offer zero-emission alternatives to traditional internal combustion engines. Hydrogen-powered vehicles like trucks and buses are desirable for long-range applications and heavy-duty transportation.

Hydrogen can be used in residential settings for combined heat and power systems, providing electricity and heating for homes. This can be a sustainable way to meet household energy needs.

6️⃣ Safety First

Hydrogen's safety has been a concern, but it's essential to address these concerns accurately. Hydrogen is safe when stored, handled, and transported with the proper precautions. It can be safer than traditional fuels like natural gas in certain circumstances.

Hydrogen's unique properties make it safer in some respects. For example, hydrogen is lighter than air, so it disperses quickly into the atmosphere if there is a leak, reducing the risk of explosion. Hydrogen flames are also less radiant and less likely to cause injuries than conventional hydrocarbon flames.

Safety standards and regulations are in place to ensure the safe use of hydrogen in various applications. As technology evolves, these safety measures are becoming even more robust.

7️⃣ Green Transportation

The rise of hydrogen-powered vehicles is a testament to the potential of this versatile element in the transportation sector. Hydrogen cars are gaining popularity, offering eco-friendly and cost-effective transportation options.

One of its broadest applications in the future may be as a fuel for hydrogen cars. They are electric cars using fuel cells. Through the electrolysis of water, hydrogen can be produced efficiently. With approximately 800 mg of hydrogen, an electric vehicle can travel a distance of 100 km.

In a 2021 publication, Toyota Mirai Breaks World Record), a test drive of the Toyota Mirai highlighted its impressive efficiency. The average consumption for the Toyota Mirai is approximately 0.55kg of hydrogen per 100 kilometres, a key figure for those considering this eco-friendly vehicle.

We looked into the hydrogen prices in Germany to give you a more accurate picture of the cost associated with hydrogen as a fuel source. In the Stuttgart area, the average cost for hydrogen is approximately 15€ per kilogram.

If you want to stay updated on the fluctuating hydrogen prices per column, check out the website This platform provides real-time information on hydrogen prices, helping you make informed decisions about your fuel source.

Western Europe already has about 2,000 hydrogen cars and about 400 buses. Switzerland alone is expected to have 3,000 hydrogen-electric vehicles by 2024. But the most promising will be hydrogen trucks and ships because the more significant the vehicle, the more efficient hydrogen becomes, given the massive volume of cargo transported worldwide daily. There are orders for producing over 100 hydrogen trains in Western Europe, and the companies that have them must make ends meet.

8️⃣ Industrial Transformation

Besides being a fuel for transportation, hydrogen can have many other industrial applications. It is one of the most promising future energy sources and could transform industries such as ammonia production, green steel manufacturing, and oil refining.

Clean electricity can be produced from hydrogen and used for storage, thus balancing the power grid.

Hydrogen's use in industry can significantly reduce production costs while resulting in less waste and more efficient use of materials. This means that hydrogen can bring significant economic benefits to businesses. So, investing in the production and development of hydrogen technologies can stimulate economic growth and create new jobs.

Hydrogen is a promising new technology that must be developed jointly between science, business, and legislative initiatives. Collaborative efforts are essential to unlock the full potential of hydrogen.

9️⃣ Pioneering the Future

The potential of hydrogen as a clean, sustainable, and versatile energy source cannot be understated. Hydrogen's unique properties make it an ideal candidate to address many challenges in transitioning to a greener and more sustainable future.

In a world where climate change and environmental concerns are at the forefront, hydrogen offers a path towards decarbonisation, energy security, and economic growth. As we embrace the hydrogen revolution, we must remember that the journey to a hydrogen-powered future is collaborative.

The Bulgarian Association for Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and Energy Storage, established in 2018, exemplifies this collaboration. It brings together science, business, and legislative initiatives to drive the growth of the hydrogen economy and innovation.

One notable project is establishing a 3-megawatt hydrogen charging station in Maritsa-iztok 2. This innovative project, initiated by the municipality of Stara Zagora, demonstrates the potential of hydrogen in powering electric buses, trucks, and even part of the city's night lighting. This hydrogen valley showcases an efficient hydrogen ecosystem that can serve as a model for future developments.

Hydrogen's Role in Industry and Mobility

Today, the refining and chemical industries are the primary consumers of hydrogen. Demand for industrial use has tripled since 1975, and its potential as a fuel for the energy transition could grow exponentially.

Similarly, hydrogen can help decarbonise hard-to-electrify heavy mobility sectors such as shipping, rail, and buses. These sectors are critically important in our global economy, and finding sustainable solutions is essential.

There is strong interest in clean hydrogen from global players, with several strategic partnerships within the shipping sector looking to limit their emissions. The International Maritime Organization's increasingly stringent regulatory restrictions drive fleet owners and operators to explore hydrogen-based solutions actively. More than 100 pilot and demonstration projects using hydrogen or its derivatives for shipping fuel are underway.

Moreover, heavy industries are eager to embrace the decarbonising potential of hydrogen. The concept of "green" steel, produced using renewable energy and emission-free hydrogen, has gained traction. New steel projects have been announced to use hydrogen to reduce iron directly, marking a significant step toward more sustainable steel production.

Hydrogen's Role in Emissions Reduction

As part of the 2021-2050 net-zero emissions scenario, hydrogen and hydrogen-based fuels could avoid up to 60 gigatonnes of CO2 emissions by mid-century, according to the International Atomic Energy Agency energy. This would equal 6% of total cumulative emissions reductions, making hydrogen a vital tool in achieving our emissions reduction goals.

In conclusion, hydrogen is a true game-changer on the path to sustainability. Its ability to complement renewable energy sources, decarbonise various industries, offer green and clean alternatives for transportation, and provide versatile energy solutions makes it a top priority for a sustainable future.

As we continue to explore and invest in hydrogen technologies, we are paving the way for a cleaner, greener, and more sustainable world. The possibilities are vast, and with collaboration between science, business, and legislation, we can harness the full potential of hydrogen and drive innovation towards a hydrogen-powered future. It's not just a fuel; it's a pathway to a brighter, more sustainable world.